SOCIAL STUDIES CONCEPTS

Teaching With Concepts

Every History topic is centered around a few concepts. When students learn and understand History Concepts they are able apply those concepts to other topics and develop a deeper understanding of why historical events happened

Topics Vs. Concepts​

Topic: Is a specific event, era or subject in history.
Concept: is something that is timeless and transferable.
-Not specific to any particular topic
-Can be applied to many different topics or subjects

 

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SOCIAL STUDIES ​CONCEPTS AND DESCRIPTIONS

Each of the Social Studies Concepts is linked to a graphic that explains it with a short example video. Click on the Concept to see a graphic explaining the concept. Click on the example video to see a video explaining the graphic.

History Concepts

Balance: When power is equal on both sides.

Example Video

 

Change:To make or become different.

Example Video

 

Civilization: Organized: Urban Development, Political & Social Structure, Control of the Natural Environment: a Complex Society.

Example Video

 

Colonialism: The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers and exploiting it economically.

Example Video

 

Conflict: A disagreement, sometimes un-reconcilable, that may lead to aggressive military behavior.

Example Video

 

Conquest: The subjugation and assumption of control of a place or people by use of military force.

Example Video

 

Consequence: The intended or unintended result of an action or decision.

Example Video

 

Continuity: An uninterrupted, consistent operation.

Example Video

 

Culture: Traditions, customs or way of life of a community.

Example Video

Era: A long and distinct period of history with a particular feature or characteristic.

Example Video

Escalation: An increase in the intensity or seriousness of a situation leading to a larger crisis.

Example Video

Exploration: The action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it.

Example Video

Identity: The values, culture and traditions that an individual or group of people identify with.

Example Video

Independence: The fact or state of being independent.

Example Video

Innovation: Innovation is the act of improving something or creating something that is a new technology.

Example Video


Imperialism: The policy of extending a nation's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

Example Video

Industrialization: Process of transforming an economy based on individual craftsman into automated assembly line factories.

Example Video

Invention: The action of inventing something, typically a process or device

Example Video

Isolation: To have little or no contact with other peoples.
Example Video

Migration: When people or animals move from one place to another.

Example Video

Militarism: Policy of glorifying military power and being prepared for war.

Example Video

Nationalism: A sentiment or sense of belonging or pride in your country

Example Video

Origins: The point or place where something begins, arises, or is derived.

Example Video


Patterns: A series of actions or behaviors that are consistent.

Example Video

Progressivism: Political philosophy based on social reform through advancements in science, technology, economic development and social organization.

Example Video


Revolution: The forceable overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.

Example Video

Sectionalism: Narrowing your interest to more local/state/regional issues- disregarding the overall good of the state or nation.

Example Video


Self-Interest: Making decisions based on what is the most advantageous for the individual or group of people.

Example Video

Time: a unit of measurement such as years, decades or centuries that help historians chronologically place history into eras and can use markers such as AD & BC  or BCE & CE.

Example Video

Total War: Policy of using all of a nation's resources including control of the economy to win a war.

Example Video

War: A conflict that results in military action between groups or nations.

Example Video

Global Connections Concepts

Alliance: An agreement between two or more parties to advance common goals or interests.

Example Video

 

Climate Change: A change in global or regional climate patterns attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.

Example Video

 

Communication: The imparting or exchanging of information or news.

Example Video

 

Complexity: The state or quality of being intricate or complicated.
Example Video

 

Cooperation: The process of working together to achieve a common outcome.
Example Video

 

Crisis: A time of intense difficulty, trouble, or danger.

Example Video

 

Diffusion: When culture, goods or ideas are mixed together and can result in blending and innovation.

Example Video

 

Genocide: The deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political or cultural group.
Example Video

 

Global Economy: The International Exchange of Goods and Services

Example Video

Human Rights: Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more.

Example Video

International Law: A body of rules established by custom or treaty and recognized by nations as binding in their relations with one another.

Example Video

Interdependence: A relationship where each person or group of people is dependent on another person or group.

Example Video

Invasion: The act of attacking a country or region with an armed force.
Example Video

Peace: The absence of conflict or war.

Example Video

System: A set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network

Example Video

​Terrorism: the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.

Geography Concepts

Adaptation: The act of making something suitable for a new use or purpose; modify

Example Video

 

Boundary/Gradient:

City-State-Country: City: a relatively permanent and highly organized population of people. State: a subdivision of a country. Country: a political state or nation.

Example Video

Climate:

Connections:

Distribution:

Globalization:

 

Government Concepts

Authority: The power or right to give orders, makes decisions and enforce obedience.

Example Video

Checks & Balances: Political system where the branches of government can check the power of one another making the branches equal.

Example Video

Citizenship: Is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law of a sovereign state as a member of or belonging to the state

Example Video

Civic Engagement:


Communism: A way of organizing society in which the government owns the means of production and there is no private property.

Example Video

Compromise:

Constitutionalism:

Democracy:


Democratization: The transition to a government that includes more of the people.

Example Video

Diversity:

Domestic & Foreign Policy: Policy issues characterized by whether they are inside or outside of a nation.

Example Video

 

Empire: An extensive group of states or countries controlled by a supreme, central authority.

Example Video


Fascism: Political philosophy that exalts nation and often race above the individual and is led by an authoritarian government.

Example Video

Federalism:

Government Systems: The institutions or systems which make up the government of a nation.
Example Video

Individual/Group:

Institutions:

Law & Regulation:

Leadership: To be responsible for guiding a group of people or nation.
Example Video

Nation-State: Nation: Homogeneous group of people (of the same nationality) State: Political organization that has sovereignty (makes their own decisions with no higher authority to answer to).

Example Video

Principles:

Justice:

Politics:

Power:

Privacy:

​Republic: ​A state where power is held by the people. Representatives are elected by the people and held accountable through elections.  A president is also elected as opposed to a hereditary monarch.

Example Video

Rights and Responsibilities:

Rule of Law:

Socialism: A way of organizing society where the government owns part of the means of production and directs the economy.

Example Video

Sovereignty:

Totalitarianism: Government control of all aspects of public and private life.
Example Video

Economics Concepts

 

Budget, Surplus, Deficit:

Budget: An estimation of revenues and expenses over a specified period of time.

Surplus: When revenues exceed expenses over s specified period of time.

Deficit: When expenses exceed revenues over a specified period of time.

Example Video

Depression, Recession, Recovery:

Depression: A long term, severe, economic downturn.

Recession: Significant decline in economic activity lasting for several months

Recovery: Follows a Recession, economy economic activity returns to levels prior to Recession

Example Video

Inflation: A general increase in prices and decrease in the purchasing power of money.

Deflation: A general decrease in prices caused by a decrease in the supply of money.

Example Video

Markets: Any structure that allows buyers and sellers to exchange any type of goods, services or information for money.
Example Video

Supply & Demand: Supply- Quantity of a resource available, Demand- How great the need for the resource= Value.

Example Video

Trade: The transferring of goods in exchange for something of value. Ex. Money

Example Video