SOCIAL STUDIES CONCEPTS
Teaching With Concepts
Every History topic is centered around a few concepts. When students learn and understand History Concepts they are able apply those concepts to other topics and develop a deeper understanding of why historical events happened
Topics Vs. Concepts
Topic: Is a specific event, era or subject in history.
Concept: is something that is timeless and transferable.
-Not specific to any particular topic
-Can be applied to many different topics or subjects
Email Mr. Harms directly to join a specific email list that receives all new Concept Graphics that are created.
SOCIAL STUDIES CONCEPTS AND DESCRIPTIONS
Each of the Social Studies Concepts is linked to a graphic that explains it with a short example video. Click on the Concept to see a graphic explaining the concept. Click on the example video to see a video explaining the graphic.
Civilization: Organized: Urban Development, Political & Social Structure, Control of the Natural Environment: a Complex Society.
Colonialism: The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers and exploiting it economically.
Conquest: The subjugation and assumption of control of a place or people by use of military force.
Conflict: A disagreement, sometimes un-reconcilable, that may lead to aggressive military behavior.
Era: A long and distinct period of history with a particular feature or characteristic.
Escalation: An increase in the intensity or seriousness of a situation leading to a larger crisis.
Exploration: The action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it.
Identity: The values, culture and traditions that an individual or group of people identify with.
Innovation: Innovation is the act of improving something or creating something that is a new technology.
Imperialism: The policy of extending a nation's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Industrialization: Process of transforming an economy based on individual craftsman into automated assembly line factories.
Progressivism: Political philosophy based on social reform through advancements in science, technology, economic development and social organization.
Revolution: The forceable overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.
Sectionalism: Narrowing your interest to more local/state/regional issues- disregarding the overall good of the state or nation.
Self-Interest: Making decisions based on what is the most advantageous for the individual or group of people.
Time: a unit of measurement such as years, decades or centuries that help historians chronologically place history into eras and can use markers such as AD & BC or BCE & CE.
Total War: Policy of using all of a nation's resources including control of the economy to win a war.
Tolerance: The ability to live with beliefs or behaviors that one does not agree with.
Global Connections Concepts
Alliance: An agreement between two or more parties to advance common goals or interests.
Climate Change: A change in global or regional climate patterns attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.
Diffusion: When culture, goods or ideas are mixed together and can result in blending and innovation.
Genocide: The deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political or cultural group.
Human Rights: Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more.
International Law: A body of rules established by custom or treaty and recognized by nations as binding in their relations with one another.
Interdependence: A relationship where each person or group of people is dependent on another person or group.
System: A set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network
Terrorism: the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.
Boundary/Gradient: Boundary: is the line that separates one region from another. Gradient is the technical term for the structure of the boundary.
City-State-Country: City: a relatively permanent and highly organized population of people. State: a subdivision of a country. Country: a political state or nation.
Distribution: The natural arrangement and apportionment of the various forms of animals and plants in the different regions and localities of the earth.
Globalization: The process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.
Religion: A system of beliefs, symbols and rituals, that guide human behavior; gives meaning to life and unites believers into a community.
Values & Beliefs: Shared beliefs about what is good-bad, right-wrong, or desirable-undesirable / specific statements that people hold to be true.
Urban/Rural: Urban: Referring to a town or city.
Rural: Outside a town or city “In the country”
Checks & Balances: Political system where the branches of government can check the power of one another making the branches equal.
Citizenship: Is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law of a sovereign state as a member of or belonging to the state
Civic Engagement: Individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern
Communism: A way of organizing society in which the government owns the means of production and there is no private property.
Compromise: An agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions.
Constitutionalism: Doctrine that a government's authority is determined by a body of laws or constitution.
Democracy: A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives
Diversity: The practice or quality of including or involving people from a range of different social and ethnic backgrounds and of different genders, etc
Domestic & Foreign Policy: Policy issues characterized by whether they are inside or outside of a nation.
Empire: An extensive group of states or countries controlled by a supreme, central authority.
Fascism: Political philosophy that exalts nation and often race above the individual and is led by an authoritarian government.
Federalism: Federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government.
Government Systems: The institutions or systems which make up the government of a nation.
Individual/Group: An Individual’s views are shaped by their environment. A group’s views are similar in that they have experienced similar environments.
Institutions: A society or organization founded for a religious, educational, social, or similar purpose.
Law & Regulation: Law: a system of rules created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior Regulation: the act or process of controlling by rule or restriction
Nation-State: Nation: Homogeneous group of people (of the same nationality) State: Political organization that has sovereignty (makes their own decisions with no higher authority to answer to).
Principles: A fundamental truth or proposition that serves a s a foundation for a system of belief or behavior or for a chain of reasoning.
Justice: The process or result of using laws to fairly judge and punish crimes and criminals.
Politics: The activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power.
Republic: A state where power is held by the people. Representatives are elected by the people and held accountable through elections. A president is also elected as opposed to a hereditary monarch.
Rights and Responsibilities: A right is a choice to make your own opinion and entitlement to things such as education, religion and freedom of speech. Responsibilities are duties or something an individual should do such as following the law and rules.
Rule of Law: The restriction of the arbitrary exercise of power by subordinating it to well-defined and established laws.
Socialism: A way of organizing society where the government owns part of the means of production and directs the economy.
Theocracy: Is a form of government in which a deity is recognized as the supreme authority and government/law is based on religion.
Budget: An estimation of revenues and expenses over a specified period of time.
Surplus: When revenues exceed expenses over s specified period of time.
Deficit: When expenses exceed revenues over a specified period of time.
Depression, Recession, Recovery:
Depression: A long term, severe, economic downturn.
Recession: Significant decline in economic activity lasting for several months
Recovery: Follows a Recession, economy economic activity returns to levels prior to Recession
Inflation: A general increase in prices and decrease in the purchasing power of money.
Deflation: A general decrease in prices caused by a decrease in the supply of money.
Markets: Any structure that allows buyers and sellers to exchange any type of goods, services or information for money.
Natural Resources: Materials or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
Supply & Demand: Supply- Quantity of a resource available, Demand- How great the need for the resource= Value.