SOCIAL STUDIES CONCEPTS

Teaching With Concepts

Every History topic is centered around a few concepts. When students learn and understand History Concepts they are able apply those concepts to other topics and develop a deeper understanding of why historical events happened

Topics Vs. Concepts​

Topic: Is a specific event, era or subject in history.
Concept: is something that is timeless and transferable.
-Not specific to any particular topic
-Can be applied to many different topics or subjects

 

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SOCIAL STUDIES ​CONCEPTS AND DESCRIPTIONS

Each of the Social Studies Concepts is linked to a graphic that explains it with a short example video. Click on the Concept to see a graphic explaining the concept. Click on the example video to see a video explaining the graphic.

History Concepts

Concept Balance

Balance: When power is equal on both sides.

Example Video

Change.001

Change:To make or become different.

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Civilization.001

Civilization: Organized: Urban Development, Political & Social Structure, Control of the Natural Environment: a Complex Society.

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Colonialism.001

Colonialism: The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers and exploiting it economically.

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Conquest.001

Conquest: The subjugation and assumption of control of a place or people by use of military force.

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Consequence.001

Consequence: The intended or unintended result of an action or decision.

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Conflict.001

Conflict: A disagreement, sometimes un-reconcilable, that may lead to aggressive military behavior.

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Continuity.001

Continuity: An uninterrupted, consistent operation.

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Culture.001 (1)

Culture: Traditions, customs or way of life of a community.

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Era.001

Era: A long and distinct period of history with a particular feature or characteristic.

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Escalation.001

Escalation: An increase in the intensity or seriousness of a situation leading to a larger crisis.

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Exploration.001

Exploration: The action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it.

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Identity.001

Identity: The values, culture and traditions that an individual or group of people identify with.

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Independence.001

Independence: The fact or state of being independent.

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Innovation.001

Innovation: Innovation is the act of improving something or creating something that is a new technology.

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Imperialism.001

Imperialism: The policy of extending a nation's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

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Industrialization.001

Industrialization: Process of transforming an economy based on individual craftsman into automated assembly line factories.

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Invention.001

Invention: The action of inventing something, typically a process or device

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Isolation.001

Isolation: To have little or no contact with other peoples.
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Migration.001

Migration: When people or animals move from one place to another.

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Militarism.001

Militarism: Policy of glorifying military power and being prepared for war.

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Nationalism.001

Nationalism: A sentiment or sense of belonging or pride in your country

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Origin.001

Origins: The point or place where something begins, arises, or is derived.

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Patterns.001

Patterns: A series of actions or behaviors that are consistent.

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Progressivism.001

Progressivism: Political philosophy based on social reform through advancements in science, technology, economic development and social organization.

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Revolution.001

Revolution: The forceable overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.

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Sectionalism.001

Sectionalism: Narrowing your interest to more local/state/regional issues- disregarding the overall good of the state or nation.

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Self Interest.001

Self-Interest: Making decisions based on what is the most advantageous for the individual or group of people.

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Time.001

Time: a unit of measurement such as years, decades or centuries that help historians chronologically place history into eras and can use markers such as AD & BC  or BCE & CE.

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Total War.001

Total War: Policy of using all of a nation's resources including control of the economy to win a war.

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War.001

War: A conflict that results in military action between groups or nations.

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Tolerance.001

Tolerance: The ability to live with beliefs or behaviors that one does not agree with.

Global Connections Concepts

Alliance.001

Alliance: An agreement between two or more parties to advance common goals or interests.

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Climate Change.001

Climate Change: A change in global or regional climate patterns attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.

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Communication.001

Communication: The imparting or exchanging of information or news.

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Complexity.001

Complexity: The state or quality of being intricate or complicated.
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Cooperation.001

Cooperation: The process of working together to achieve a common outcome.
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Crisis.001

Crisis: A time of intense difficulty, trouble, or danger.

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Diffusion.001

Diffusion: When culture, goods or ideas are mixed together and can result in blending and innovation.

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Genocide.001

Genocide: The deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political or cultural group.
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Global Economy.001

Global Economy: The International Exchange of Goods and Services

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Human Rights.001

Human Rights: Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more.

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International Law.001

International Law: A body of rules established by custom or treaty and recognized by nations as binding in their relations with one another.

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Interdependence.001

Interdependence: A relationship where each person or group of people is dependent on another person or group.

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Invasion.001

Invasion: The act of attacking a country or region with an armed force.
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Peace.001

Peace: The absence of conflict or war.

System.001

System: A set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network

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Terrorism.001

​Terrorism: the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.

Geography Concepts

Adaptation.001

Adaptation: The act of making something suitable for a new use or purpose; modify

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Boundary-Gradient.001

Boundary/Gradient: Boundary: is the line that separates one region from another. Gradient is the technical term for the structure of the boundary.

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City-State-Country.001

City-State-Country: City: a relatively permanent and highly organized population of people. State: a subdivision of a country. Country: a political state or nation.

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Climate: The long term pattern of weather in a particular area.

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Connections: Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.

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Distribution:

The natural arrangement and apportionment of the various forms of animals and plants in the different regions and localities of the earth.

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Globalization:

The process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.

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Organization: -The grouping of people or objects in a way that shows order.

Population: All the inhabitants of a particular town, area, or country

Population Density: A measurement of people per unit area.

Region: A large area that is a part or division of something larger

Religion:

A system of beliefs, symbols and rituals, that guide human behavior; gives meaning to life and unites believers into a community.

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Social Systems:

A A people in a society organized by a characteristic of behaviors.

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Values & Beliefs: Shared beliefs about what is good-bad, right-wrong, or desirable-undesirable / specific statements that people hold to be true.

Urban/Rural: Urban: Referring to a town or city.
Rural: Outside a town or city “In the country”

Government Concepts

Authority: The power or right to give orders, makes decisions and enforce obedience.

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Checks & Balances: Political system where the branches of government can check the power of one another making the branches equal.

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Citizenship: Is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law of a sovereign state as a member of or belonging to the state

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Civic Engagement: Individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern

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Communism.001

Communism: A way of organizing society in which the government owns the means of production and there is no private property.

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Social Studies Concept Compromise

Compromise: An agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions.

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Social Studies Concept Constitutionalism

Constitutionalism: Doctrine that a government's authority is determined by a body of laws or constitution.

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Democracy:

Democratization.001

Democratization: The transition to a government that includes more of the people.

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Diversity:

Domestic & Foreign Policy.001

Domestic & Foreign Policy: Policy issues characterized by whether they are inside or outside of a nation.

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Empire.001

Empire: An extensive group of states or countries controlled by a supreme, central authority.

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Fascism.003

Fascism: Political philosophy that exalts nation and often race above the individual and is led by an authoritarian government.

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Federalism:

Government Systems.001

Government Systems: The institutions or systems which make up the government of a nation.
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Individual/Group:

Social Studies Concept Institutions

Institutions: A society or organization founded for a religious, educational, social, or similar purpose.

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Law & Regulation:

Leadership.001

Leadership: To be responsible for guiding a group of people or nation.
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Nation-State.001

Nation-State: Nation: Homogeneous group of people (of the same nationality) State: Political organization that has sovereignty (makes their own decisions with no higher authority to answer to).

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Principles:

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Justice:

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Politics:

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Power:

Republic.001

​Republic: ​A state where power is held by the people. Representatives are elected by the people and held accountable through elections.  A president is also elected as opposed to a hereditary monarch.

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Rights and Responsibilities:

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Rule of Law:

Socialism.001

Socialism: A way of organizing society where the government owns part of the means of production and directs the economy.

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Sovereignty:

Totalitarianism.001

Totalitarianism: Government control of all aspects of public and private life.
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Theocracy: Is a form of government in which a deity is recognized as the supreme authority and government/law is based on religion.

Economics Concepts

Budget, Surplus, Deficit.001

Budget, Surplus, Deficit:

Budget: An estimation of revenues and expenses over a specified period of time.

Surplus: When revenues exceed expenses over s specified period of time.

Deficit: When expenses exceed revenues over a specified period of time.

Example Video

Depression, Recession, Recovery.001

Depression, Recession, Recovery:

Depression: A long term, severe, economic downturn.

Recession: Significant decline in economic activity lasting for several months

Recovery: Follows a Recession, economy economic activity returns to levels prior to Recession

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InflationDeflation.001

Inflation: A general increase in prices and decrease in the purchasing power of money.

Deflation: A general decrease in prices caused by a decrease in the supply of money.

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Markets.001

Markets: Any structure that allows buyers and sellers to exchange any type of goods, services or information for money.
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Natural Resources.001

Natural Resources: Materials or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.

Supply & Demand.001

Supply & Demand: Supply- Quantity of a resource available, Demand- How great the need for the resource= Value.

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Trade.001

Trade: The transferring of goods in exchange for something of value. Ex. Money

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Value.001

Value: The importance, worth or usefulness of something.